Encyclopedia dell'arte antica online dating
Only when printing was introduced into Europe did the cost of production drop by any large amount; this development in turn helped to stimulate the growth of readership.
A notable feature at the time of the early printing press was the sudden growth in the popularity of some of the older encyclopaedias as a result of the tendency to ensure a ready market by printing works of which many manuscript copies were in circulation.
An advantage of the encyclopaedists of the first period (i.e., before 1600) was that each of them either knew or could visualize his reading public, a point that encouraged a minimum of commentary and moralizing.
In a way, they were performing the duties of a personal librarian in that they drew their readers’ attention to innumerable passages that they believed might be useful to them in their work or their private lives.
The emphasis instead was on government, geography, zoology, medicine, history, and practical matters.
The theories of the various philosophers were outlined impartially, no indication being given of any personal preference.
Moreover, although they were citizens of many different countries, they were united by their knowledge and use of Constantine VII Porphyrogenitus tried to plant firmly in the hearts of the most worthy of his contemporaries both knowledge and experience of the past.
The three periods of the history of encyclopaedias—(1) to 1600, (2) 1601–1799, and (3) 1800 onward—are very unequal.
They are, moreover, to a certain extent misleading, for the different forms of the encyclopaedia overlapped at each turning point for some years, and even today there are still some important survivals from the two earlier periods.
The compilers of both encyclopaedias had taken the best ideas from the anthologies and miscellanies of the early period of encyclopaedia making and from the later stage of encyclopaedic dictionaries.
Realizing that the reading public would not tolerate the omission of some subjects and the unequal treatment of others, they prepared works in which at least a few lines were devoted to almost every conceivable topic, and for more important subjects a full account was provided, written by an expert, if possible.